Mortgage documents are often full of words and phrases you may find really hard to understand, and if care is not taken, one might end up filling mortgage application forms with wrong information.

When you are applying for mortgage, you will be given some mortgage documents that explain your mortgage terms and conditions as well as a form you will be required to fill.

You will also have the opportunity to understand how your lender operate when it comes to mortgage lending.

Jargon buster - keep it simple!The problem is that you might find some of the words and phrases use in your mortgage documents difficult to understand.

In this jargon buster, I try to explain some of the words and phrases that are often used in mortgage documents to help you understand your mortgage terms and conditions.

#1). Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

Annual Percentage Rate. The APR takes account of the interest rate you will pay, how you will repay the mortgage, the mortgage term and any other charges. You can use this information to compare different mortgages.

#2). Arrangement fee or product fee

This is the fee that you pay to the lender for arranging the mortgage.

#3). Building survey

Building survey is the survey a qualified surveyor carries out to spot faults and potential problems in the property you are buying.

#4). Capital

This is the amount of money you borrow and pay interest on.

#5). Completion

Completion is when you become the legal owner of your new property.

#6). Contract

Contract is the legal document that, when signed, makes you the new owner of the property.

#7). Conveyance fee

Conveyance is the fee charged by a solicitor or licensed conveyancer for managing the legal paperwork involved in buying and selling a property.

#8). Credit Scoring

Credit Scoring is a search of your borrowing record which is often called credit history. In this, a lender will check your credit history before deciding whether to lend you money.

#9). Disbursement

Disbursement are charges like Stamp Duty and Land Registry fees that are usually paid to the conveyancer or solicitor.

#10). Early redemption fee or early repayment charge

This is a fee that you might be charged if you pay your mortgage back early or move to another lender.

#11). Endowment

This is an investment plan that you usually pay into each month and that pays out a lump sum at the end of a set period. This is usually used for interest-only mortgages.

#12). Equity

Equity is the total value of your property minus the amount of the mortgage. So if your house is worth £120,000 and you have a mortgage of £100,000, you have equity of £20,000.

#13). Exchange of contracts

Exchange of contracts is when you contracts are exchanged with the person selling the property and you are committed to buying the property.

#14). Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS)

The FSCS can pay compensation to customers if a company cannot pay a claim against it.

#15). Financial Ombudsman Service

This is the official independent complaints scheme which works to sort out complaints between consumers and businesses which provide financial services.

#16). Financial Service Authority (FSA)

The FSA looks after financial service and protects your rights as a consumer and they have been carrying out this role with mortgage since 2004. Anyone who lends you money needs FSA authorisation and must follow their rules when dealing with a customer.

#17). Freehold

Freehold is when you own a property and the land it stands on.

#18). Higher lending charge

If you borrow a high percentage of the price of the property, say 90%, it’s seen as a higher risk than usual for a lender. So you might have to pay this fee.

#19). Interest

Interest is the money you are charged for borrowing. Interest can be variable (go up and down) or can be fixed.

#20). Key Facts Illustration (KFI)

KFI are important information for you, set out in a standard way, so you can compare a financial service, product and costs from different providers. Make sure you get them and read them.

#21). Land Registry fee

This is a fee you pay to the Land Registry to register your ownership of the property.

#22). Lease

is the legal contract that makes a person who buys a leasehold property the legal owner for a certain amount of time. A leaseholder owns the property for that time, but they don’t own the land it stands on.
The lease

#23). Loan-to-value

This is usually the ration between the size of the loan you are looking for and the mortgage lender’s valuation of the property.

#24). Legal fees

Legal fees are the fees you pay to a solicitor for their services. You will need a solicitor to help you buy or sell a property.

#25). Lump-sum reduction

A lump sum you can pay on top of what you pay each month to reduce your mortgage.

#26). Mortgage deed

The legal agreement that gives the lender rights to your property.

#27). Mortgage exit fee (often referred to as a sealing fee)

A charge at the end of your mortgage, when the property is released to you.

#28). Mortgage term

The length of time you will be paying back your mortgage.

#29). Offer of advance

This is an offer by a mortgage lender to provide you with a mortgage.

#30). Redemption

Paying off your mortgage in full.

#31). Repayments

The amount you have to pay back to the lender (usually monthly) when you borrow the money.

#32). Security

When you take out a mortgage, the security is the property. If you don’t pay your mortgage payments when you should, the lender has the right to repossess the property and sell it to recover the debt.

#33). Stamp duty

A government tax you pay if you buy a property over a certain value.

#34). Title deeds

The legal documents that explain who owns the property.

#35). Valuation

A check of your property to confirm the value and suitability as security for the mortgage.


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